BLOOD - Blood is the actual carrier of the oxygen and nutrients

Circulatory System
Blood INTRODUCTION ROLE OF BLOOD COMPOSITION OF BLOOD Plasma Red Blood Cells Blood Type White Blood Cells Platelets and Clotting PRODUCTION AND ELIMINATION OF BLOOD CELLS Red Blood Cell Diseases White Blood Cell Diseases Coagulation Diseases BLOOD BANKS Blood Transfusion Blood Count Blood donation and registry Blood gas analysis Blood sugar tests Blood typing and crossmatching Blood urea nitrogen test Blood-viscosity reducing drugs Blood Culture Blood Clot in the Legs Causes Blood Clot in the Legs Symptoms Blood Clot in the Legs

COMPONENTS OF THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM OPERATION AND FUNCTION Systemic Circulation Pulmonary Circulation Additional Functions Blood Pressure
Digestive system Esophagus Gall bladder Large intestine Lips, cheeks and palate Salivary glands Serous membranes Small intestine Stomach Tunics
Teeth Tongue Digestive Process in Mouth Sleep Right Mouth Guard
Endocrine system Glandular Structure Gonads Hormones Pancreas Parathyroid Glands Pineal Gland Pituitary Gland Pituitary Hormones Thymus Thyroid Gland
Respiratory system


BLOOD - Blood is the actual carrier of the oxygen and nutrients

 The average man has between 10 and 12 pints of blood in his body. The average woman has between 8 and 9 pints. To give you an idea of how much blood that is, 8 pints is equal to 1 gallon (think of a gallon of milk).

 Blood is actually a tissue. It is thick because it is made up of a variety of cells, each having a different job. In fact, blood is actually about 80% water and 20% solid.

 We know that blood is made mostly of plasma. But there are 3 main types of blood cells that circulate with the plasma:

 Platelets, which help the blood to clot. Clotting stops the blood from flowing out of the body when a vein or artery is broken. Platelets are also called thrombocytes.

 Red blood cells, which carry oxygen. Of the 3 types of blood cells, red blood cells are the most plentiful. In fact, a healthy adult has about 35 trillion of them. The body creates these cells at a rate of about 2.4 million a second, and they each have a life span of about 120 days. Red blood cells are also called erythrocytes.

 White blood cells, which ward off infection. These cells, which come in many shapes and sizes, are vital to the immune system. When the body is fighting off infection, it makes them in ever-increasing numbers. Still, compared to the number of red blood cells in the body, the number of white blood cells is low. Most healthy adults have about 700 times as many red blood cells as white ones. White blood cells are also called leukocytes. Blood also contains hormones, fats, carbohydrates, proteins, and gases. ©2016.